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Table 1 Components and sub-components, water distribution system cost-emissions nexus framework

From: The cost–greenhouse gas emission nexus for water distribution systems including the consideration of energy generating infrastructure: an integrated conceptual optimization framework and review of literature

Component Sub-component (SC)
Options component Operation options SC
WDS Design options SC
Government policy SC*
Infrastructure component Electrical energy infrastructure SC
WDS infrastructure SC
Government policy SC*
WDS analysis component Simulation SC
  Evaluation SC
  1. *While the Government Policy sub-component is associated with both the Options and Infrastructure components, it is discussed separately from these components in the text.