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Table 1 Summary of 29 CMIP5 GCMs that form the ensemble of climate projections used in this study

From: Selection of a representative subset of global climate models that captures the profile of regional changes for integrated climate impacts assessment

GCM Institution Horizontal resolution 2x [CO2] Eq. climate Sens. (°C)
ACCESS1-0 Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization (CSIRO) and Bureau of Meteorology (BOM), Australia 1.25° × 1.875° 3.8
BCC-CSM1-1 Beijing Climate Center, China Meteorological Administration ~2.8° × 2.8° 2.8
BNU-ESM College of Global Change and Earth Systems Science, Beijing Normal University (BNU) ~2.8° × 2.8° 4.1
CanESM2 Canadian Centre for Climate Modelling & Analysis ~2.8° × 2.8° 3.7
CCSM4 US National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) ~0.9° × 1.25° 2.9
CESM1-BGC US National Science Foundation (NSF), US Department of Energy (DOE), and the US National Centre for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) ~0.9° × 1.25° n.a.
CMCC-CM Euro-Mediterranean Center on Climate Change ~0.75° × 0.75° n.a.
CMCC-CMS Euro-Mediterranean Center on Climate Change ~1.9° × 1.875° n.a.
CNRM-CM5 France National Centre for Meteorological Research ~1.4° × 1.4° 3.3
CSIRO-Mk3-6-0 Queensland Climate Change Centre of Excellence and Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization (CSIRO) ~1.9° × 1.875° 4.1
FGOALS-g2 Chinese Academy of Sciences ~2.8° × 2.8° n.a.
GFDL-CM3 NOAA/Geophysical Fluid Dynamic Laboratory (GFDL) 2.0° × 2.5° 4.0
GFDL-ESM2G NOAA/Geophysical Fluid Dynamic Laboratory (GFDL) ~2.0° × 2.5° 2.4
GFDL-ESM2M NOAA/Geophysical Fluid Dynamic Laboratory (GFDL) ~2.0° × 2.5° 2.4
GISS-E2-H National Aeronautics and Space Association Goddard Institute for Space Studies (NASA GISS) 2° × 2.5° 2.3
GISS-E2-R National Aeronautics and Space Association Goddard Institute for Space Studies (NASA GISS) 2° × 2.5° 2.1
HadGEM2-AO UK Meteorological Office - Hadley Centre 1.25° × 1.875° n.a.
HadGEM2-CC UK Meteorological Office - Hadley Centre 1.25° × 1.875° n.a.
HadGEM2-ES UK Meteorological Office - Hadley Centre 1.25° × 1.875° 4.6
INMCM4.0 Russian Institute for Numerical Mathematics (INM) 1.5° × 2° 2.1
IPSL-CM5A-LR Institute Pierre Simon Laplace (IPSL) ~1.9° × 3.75° 4.1
IPSL-CM5A-MR Institute Pierre Simon Laplace (IPSL) ~1.3° × 2.5° n.a.
IPSL-CM5B-LR Institute Pierre Simon Laplace (IPSL) ~1.9° × 3.75° 2.6
MIROC5 University of Tokyo, Japanese National Institute for Environmental Studies (NIES), and Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology (JAMSTEC) ~1.4° × ~1.4° 2.7
MIROC-ESM University of Tokyo, Japanese National Institute for Environmental Studies (NIES), and Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology (JAMSTEC) ~2.8° × ~2.8° 4.7
MPI-ESM-LR Max Planck Institute (MPI) for Meteorology (low resolution) ~1.9° × 1.875° 3.6
MPI-ESM-MR Max Planck Institute (MPI) for Meteorology (mixed resolution) ~1.9° × 1.875° n.a.
MRI-CGCM3 Japanese Meteorological Research Institute (MRI) ~1.1° × 1.125° 2.6
NorESM1-M Norwegian Climate Centre ~1.9° × 2.5° 2.8
  1. Climate sensitivities represent an equilibrium global mean surface temperature increase resulting from a doubling of pre-industrial CO2 concentrations (from Table 9.5 of Flato et al. 2013; n.a. = not available). References for these models are in Flato et al. 2013, and Ruane et al. 2015b